|Schematic of rear end of beading plane (iron not shown)|
In the drawing, you'll see that the fence is merely an extension of the bead profile. The planes I've obtained all have their boxing vertical, though other planes have the boxing slanted at an angle towards the left. Note that part of the boxing is shaped and the entire quirk is from boxwood.
If you think about how a beading plane works, it makes sense that certain features should be properly done so that the plane cuts nicely.
- The fence should be straight. On many old planes, the fence is worn at the toe and at the heel.
- The right side of the quirk should be parallel to the fence.
- The bottom of the quirk should be parallel to the depth stop.
- The deepest part of the bead profile should be parallel to the depth stop.
|Checking left side for twist - lookin' pretty good|
|Squaring the sole to the left side|
I took a very thin shaving or two from the fence to straighten it a bit, but didn't get a picture. I was nervous that I wouldn't be able to get the profile right if I plane the fence too much.
The shims that I added to the sides of the boxing gave it more thickness to plane parallel to the fence. I was glad to have had the extra thickness and it planed easily with a shoulder plane.
|Maple shims glued to side of boxing, but not yet planed parallel to fence|
|Checking quirk for parallel to sole|
OK, so the picture doesn't show that so good. Here's a drawing of what I'm talking about - the boxing is proud of the rest of the profile due to the shim deep in the boxing's groove.
|Drawing showing shim at bottom of groove that makes the boxing proud of where it used to be|
|Here's the shim I glued on to the bottom of boxing|
With those surfaces prepared, next was to reshape the bead. So I shaped a piece of saw steel with hack saw and files to make a scratch stock cutter. I did my best to refine the curved section on my diamond stones to remove any file marks.
|3/16" diameter profile at left for the H. L. James plane, 1/4" diameter marked out at right for another plane|
|Cutter mounted in the scratch stock|
|Scratch stock referencing off left side of plane|
|Bead profile after using scratch stock|
|Sanding the bead profile smooth|